ABC of proper nutrition

The food principles

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About the basic nutrients: Carbohydrates are the basis of our diet: provide 60% of the total energy we use every day to carry out any type of activity. The carbohydrates are essentially nothing more than sugar, and are divided into: simple carbohydrates, composed of one or two types of sugars. They are found especially in fruits and sweets; complex carbohydrates, consist of long chains of sugars. They are present in bread, pasta, rice and potatoes. Among the carbohydrate-rich foods (those complex carbohydrates that are not directly usable by our organism) there are those rich in dietary fiber such as…

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Nutritional supplements for sport

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The word “supplement” explains what must be the task of these products: supplement our diet with the nutrient or group of nutrients that we take in adequate amounts, or of which we are lacking. In this situation, use integrator makes sense, in fact it would have the task of preventing the effects of the shortage. Unfortunately, however, today supplements are used indiscriminately, with no real food shortage and without proper attention. This is extremely wrong and can also lead to very serious consequences for the health! An example is the danger of prescribing by non-experts (and not by physicians) who…

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What is meant by “underweight”?

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A person is considered “underweight” when has a Body Mass Index below 18.5. Underweight, such as obesity, it indicates that the body is in a no-healthy situation. The body, if properly fed and healthy, tends to remain in the normal weight parameters (BMI 18.5 to 25). You can go underweight only when you are not eating enough or if you have a disease that does not allow adequate food or interferes with the absorption of nutrients. People who are underweight, especially severe, are more at risk of diseases due to malnutrition or lack of certain nutrients and the risk of…

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The Body

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You probably already know that the human body is made up of 70% water. But do you know that you can also make an analysis of the elements that make up our body? Trough the study of body composition you might calculate total water (Total Body Water-TBW),  intracellular water (Intra Cellular Water-ICW) and extracellular water (Extra Cellular Water-ECW). The study of body composition allows to evaluate two other components: – Fat mass (fat mass-FM); the weight of body fat (adipose tissue); – Lean mass (Fat Free Mass – FFM) is composed of muscles,  skeleton and other body tissues. An important…

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Metabolic syndrome

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Do you know that metabolic syndrome is characterized by multiple disorders simultaneously? To speak of metabolic syndrome in fact is required various metabolic disorders presence, each of which is itself a known risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. More specifically, it is necessary there was at least three of these risk factors: High amounts of abdominal adipose tissue (which can be quantified by measuring the waist circumference): are considered pathological measures exceeding 94 cm in men and 80 cm in women). Reduced cholesterol (HDL, the “good cholesterol”): less than 40 mg / dl (men) and less than 50 mg /…

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The Mediterranean diet

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All of you have probably already heard of “Mediterranean diet”, but do you know what really is it? The Mediterranean diet is a nutritional model inspired by the traditional dietary patterns of the Mediterranean (particularly of Italy, Greece, Spain and Morocco). The merit of his discovery was of Ancel Keys, an American nutritionist as he was in the ‘50s to realize that Mediterranean populations were developing certain diseases less frequently than Americans. Keys promoted extensive research, called “Seven Countries Study” to test the hypothesis that the Mediterranean diet was able to prevent some diseases (especially metabolic and cardiovascular diseases) and…

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What we like

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Surely you happened to buy a food, without special reasons, but only because you liked it. But we try to understand what it means .. The taste is difficult to describe in words and it is more tied to the images, smells, and the organoleptic characteristics of what we eat, that is, to those food properties that meet our senses. If you liked that food you will certainly come back to buy it back. Obviously buying what we eat is however dependent on many reasons and not just from the taste. A special pack may prompt us to choose one…

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